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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Reporting Tools used by BA
« Last post by 12119107606 on October 22, 2021, 04:45:04 pm »
What are the various reporting tools that are used by BA? Are there any industry approved tools for the projects?
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Why do projects fail?
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 01:29:53 pm »
What are the reasons for a project failure?
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Business Process Models
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 01:26:17 pm »
A business process is a collection of activities designed to produce a specific output for a particular customer or market. A strong emphasis on how to work is done within an organization, in contract to a product?s focus on what. A process is thus a specific ordering of work activities across time and place, with a beginning, an end, and clearly defined inputs and outputs a structure for action.
It includes:
           1. Has a GOALS
           2. Has a specific INPUTS
           3. Use RESOURCES
           4. Perform ACTIVITIES in some order
           5. Has specific OUTPUT
           6. Creates END VALUE to customers
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Business Analyst delivered documents.
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 01:22:00 pm »
Few documents that BA will use to deliver are:
1.   BRD (Business Requirement Document)
2.   FRD (Functional Requirement Document)
3.   SRD(System Requirement Document)
4.   SRS (System Requirements Specifications)
5.   RTM (Requirement Traceability Matrix) Document
6.   Solution Document
7.   Test Case Document
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Agile methodology
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 01:15:01 pm »
Agile is a continuous iteration of development and testing in the software development process .
Agile is light weight and can be used where faster delivery is required . No documentation and hence it is customer retention. The code itself forms a documentation. It does not support scalability and extendibility.
Agile values:
➢ Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
➢ Working software over comprehensive documentation
➢ Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
➢ Responding to change over following a plan.

Agile software development refers to a group of software development methodologies based on iterative development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing cross-functional teams. Agile methods or Agile processes generally promote a disciplined project management process that encourages frequent inspection and adaptation, a leadership philosophy that encourages teamwork, self-organization and accountability, a set of engineering best practices intended to allow for rapid delivery of high-quality software, and a business approach that aligns development with customer needs and company goals. Agile development refers to any development process that is aligned with the concepts of the Agile Manifesto
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Eloborate on 5W-1H questionnaires to be asked to the client in initial meetings?
Example:
How requirements questions.
?   How will you use this feature? , etc. What other types of questions can be asked.
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Business Analysis vs Enterprise Analys
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 01:05:11 pm »
The definitions can appear similar at first glance. Both are focused on understanding the needs of the business, identifying initiatives that will allow an organization to meet those strategic goals, and elucidating the attendant requirements necessary for implementation. The key differences, however, lay in the scope and time horizons involved.

Enterprise analysis (also known as strategic enterprise analysis or company analysis) is defined as focusing on understanding the needs of the business as a whole, its strategic direction, and identifying initiatives that will allow a business to meet those strategic goals. Enterprise analysis involves a thorough examination of not only the business problem (need) and its proposed business solution (if one already exists), but also an in-depth look into whether the proposed solution is truly the best solution, a detailed analysis of what the solution entails, its risks, and its feasibility in the existing organizational climate
.
sBusiness analysis is also a research process but happens after EA in the initiated project ? interacting with stakeholders to elicit, analyze and manage requirements, and then developing and defining a solution to an immediate business problem. The solution could be in the form of a product, system, process, or piece of software. Additionally, business analysis may involve testing and documenting the proposed solution.
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Elicitation techniques are used to get most of the information about requirements from stakeholders, subject matter experts (SME).
Various elicitation techniques
*Brainstorming : Brainstorming works by focusing on a topic or problem, and then coming up with many radical solutions to it. This technique is best applied in a group as it draws on the experience and creativity of all members of the group

*Document Analysis : Document analysis is technique of gathering information from the documents of existing system.

*Focus Groups : It includes participant of same interest from the specific product/service. The idea is to make participant share, interact and describe the need.

*Interviews : It is the one to one interaction with the User/stakeholder to understand their actual requirement or expectation.

*Observation : It includes observing the user while doing their job. It helps to understand the existing processes.

*Prototyping : Prototyping is Visual presentation of Idea or requirement which gives clear picture of requirements. Visual Presentation are given terms Mock-up screens or graphical designed or requirement prototype.

*Workshops : workshop includes bringing user and stake holder to gather and have a conversation in more innovative tasks for example:collaborative games, tasks.

*Survey/Questionnaire : Useful for obtaining Limited system requirements from users or stakeholders who have a minor input  or are geographically remote.

*Reverse engineering : If an existing system has outdated documentation, it can be reverse engineered to understand what the system does. This is an elicitation technique that can extract implemented requirements from the system.

*JAD(Joint application development) : Joint Application Development (JAD) technique is an extended session to the workshop. In the JAD session stakeholders and project team works together to identify the requirements. These sessions allow the business team to gather and consolidate large amounts of information. The JAD team includes business process owners, client representatives, users or stakeholders, business analysts, project managers, IT experts (developers, quality assurance, designers, and security).
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Scrum
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 12:39:50 pm »
  Scrum is an Agile process to focus on delivering the business value in the shortest time. It is an iterative development methodology used to manage software projects. In scrum-based project , There isn?t a specific project manager, directing project tasks , The team itself is self-directed  with co-located team members relying on communication over documentation for effective project delivery.

Scrum is a subset of Agile. It is a lightweight process framework for agile development, and the most widely-used one.
?   A ?process framework? is a particular set of practices that must be followed in order for a process to be consistent with the framework.
?   ?Lightweight? means that the overhead of the process is kept as small as possible, to maximize the amount of productive time available for getting useful work done.

Scrum defines three roles: Scrum Master, Product Owner, and development team. Together all three roles make up a Scrum team.

The Scrum Master helps the Scrum team perform at their highest level. They also protect the team from both internal and external distractions. Scrum Masters hold the Scrum team accountable to their working agreements, Scrum values, and to the Scrum framework itself.

The development team decides how to accomplish the work set forth by the Product Owner. Development teams are structured and empowered to organize and manage their own work. The resulting synergy optimizes overall efficiency and effectiveness.


The Product Owner defines the what--as in what the product will look like and what features it should contain. The Product Owner is expected to incorporate stakeholder feedback to create the highest value product increments each and every sprint. Product Owners maintain the product backlog and ensure that everyone knows the priorities.
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Business Analyst Concepts Discussion / Re: Certifications
« Last post by 12131122607 on October 20, 2021, 12:03:10 pm »
There are various certifications for Business Analysis:
ABPMP International
AMA - American Management Association
IASA - International Association of Software Architects
IIBA - International Institute of Business Analysis
       Certifications:
?   Certified Analytics Professional (CAP)
?   IIBA Entry Certificate in Business Analysis (ECBA)
?   IIBA Certification of Competency in Business Analysis (CCBA)
?   IIBA Certified Business Analysis Professional (CBAP)
?   IIBA Agile Analysis Certification (AAC)
?   IIBA Certification in Business Data Analytics (CBDA)
?   IQBBA Certified Foundation Level Business Analyst (CFLBA)
?   IREB Certified Professional for Requirements Engineering (CPRE)
?   PMI Professional in Business Analysis (PBA)
The Entry Certificate in Business Analysis (ECBA) is the first level of certification with the International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA), it?s designed for less experienced and entry-level business analysts. You will need to complete at least 21 hours of professional training credits, within the past four years, before you will be eligible for the exam. You don?t have to renew your ECBA certification, but it?s assumed you?ll move on to the second or third levels of certification.
?   Application fee: $60
?   Exam fee: $110 for members, $235 for non-members
?   Retake fee: $89 for members, $195 for non-members
Level 2 of the IIBA certification, the Certification of Competency in Business Analysis (CCBA) requires a minimum 3,750 hours of business analytics work aligned with the IIBA?s Business Analysis Book of Knowledge (BABOK) guide in the past 7 years, 900 hours in two of six BABOK knowledge areas, or 500 hours in four of six BABOK knowledge areas. The certification also requires a minimum of 21 hours professional development training in the past four years and two professional references. The CCBA exam consists of 130 multiple-choice questions that are scenario-based and require some analysis. It covers fundamentals, underlying competencies, key concepts, techniques and all six knowledge areas covered in the BABOK.
?   Application fee: $125
?   Exam fee: $325 for members, $450 for non-members
?   Retake fee: $250 for members, $375 for non-members
The Certified Business Analysis Professional CBAP certification is the third level of certification with IIBA and it?s designed for ?individuals with extensive business analysis experience.? To qualify for this certification, you?ll need a minimum of 7,500 hours of business analyst work experience in the past 10 years, 900 hours of work experience hours within four of the six BABOK knowledge areas, at least 35 hours of professional development in the past four years and professional references. The exam is 3.5 hours long and includes 120 multiple-choice questions that are based on case studies. After you pass, you?ll need to report at least 60 hours of continuing development units every three years.
?   Application fee: $125
?   Exam fee: $325 for members, $450 for non-members
?   Retake fee: $250 for members, $375 for non-members

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